International Women’s Day Quotations by great women with images
Happy Women’s Day Quotes are the most searched term in Google search during women’s day. It is a day to respect women’s sacrifice and struggles in building the society in socially, economically and politically. Each and everyone should take part on the day to make sure every woman around is happy not just on the day but every day of the year.
The key is to appreciate their work and their role as mother’s, wives, sisters, and teachers. It is vital to spread awareness on women equality and avoid sexual discrimination at work or any other place. We accept women as the key part of society as it was women who build the foundation and support men in all sectors.
International Women’s Day is now an official holiday in Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, China, Cuba, Ecuador, Georgia, Italy, Israel, Laos, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam.
Happy Women’s Day Quotes
International Women’s Day 2017 is on March 8. Here is the list of the best women’s day quotes to be shared on this special day. United Nations chooses a specific theme for the Women’s day. The main motto of the holiday is to look upon the social and economic problems women have around the world and tried to solve it.
Women who seek to be equal with men lack ambition. – Marilyn Monroe
Happy Women’s day Quotes by Marilyn Monroe
A charming woman doesn’t follow the crowd. She is herself. – Loretta Young
Happy Women’s day Quotes by Loretta Young
Women are the real architects of society. – Harriet Beecher Stowe
Happy Women’s day by Harriet Beecher Stowe
A woman is like a tea bag – you never know how strong she is until she gets in hot water. – Eleanor Roosevelt
Women’s Day Quotes by Eleanor Roosevelt
A girl should be two things: classy and fabulous. – Coco Chanel
Women’s Day Quotes by Coco Chanel
A free race cannot be born of slave mothers – Margaret Sanger
Women’s Day Quotes by Margaret Sanger
The thing women have yet to learn is nobody gives you power. You just take it. – Roseanne Barr
Women’s Day Quotes by Roseanne Barr
Think like a queen. A queen is not afraid to fail. Failure is another steppingstone to greatness. – Oprah Winfrey
Women’s day Quotes by Oprah Winfrey
I alone cannot change the world, but I can cast a stone across the waters to create many ripples. – Mother Teresa
Women’s Day Quote by Mother Teresa
Carry out a random act of kindness, with no expectation of reward, safe in the knowledge that one day someone might do the same for you. – Princess Diana
Women’s Day Quote by Princess Diana
FestCalendar.com is wishing you a Happy Women’s Day to readers.
International Women’s Day 2017 is a day to respect the role of women in society. It is to show appreciation and love to women as well as respect their achievement in political, economic and social fields. Initially, the day was known as International Working Women’s Day.
Women’s day 2017
Happy Women’s Day – March 8th 2017
A notable women’s day was the Icelandic women’s strike 1975 that laid the foundation for the first female president in the world. However, in many parts of the world, the day took recognition of the day of celebration and to show love towards women similar to Mother’s Day and Valentine’s Day. Every year United Nations set a theme for the year to uplift women and their role in society. These themes are followed by many nations to help women as well spread awareness for equality. Many people wear purple ribbons on the day. One of the earlies celebrations was in 1907 in New York City in a Socialist Political event. In 1917, Soviet Union declared the day as a national holiday. The same spread to neighboring countries and at present many Eastern countries celebrate women’s Day.
When is Women’s Day 2017?
Women’s Day 2017 is an annual celebration commemorated on March 8.
Women’s Day 2017 Countdown
History of Women’s Day
The first known Women’s day was held on February 28, 1909, in New York in remembrance of the strike of international ladies garment worker’s strike in 1908. However, according to some no such strike took place on March 8.
The American socialists and German socialists proposed an International Women’s Day in the International Woman’s Conference organized at Copenhagen, Denmark in 1910. Although no specific date was finalized to celebrate the day. Women from seventeen countries agreed on the idea as it would help to encourage woman equality especially right to vote in public. Next year on March 19.1911 more than a million women protested in countries like Denmark, Switzerland, Germany and Austria. International Women’s Day was noticed first time then. In Vienna, women demonstrated to be given the right to vote as well as to assume public office.
In addition to that, they revolted sexual discrimination for employment. The last Sunday of February was chosen to celebrate National Women’s Day in the United States. Russian women celebrated the first women’s day in 1913 on last Saturday in February in the Julian Calendar.
The whole year of 1913 saw many protest and women marches to nominate a day for women. In 1914, March 8 a women’ s Day was first held as it was a Sunday. However, since then the March 8 is dedicated to celebrating International Women’s Day across the world. In 1918 German women finally won the battle to right to vote, a fight that started from the demonstration of 1914.
The protest was also viewed in London were women marched from Bow to Trafalgar Square. In 1917, Russain women protested in Saint Petersburg for “bread and peace” to end the hunger caused by World War I. The day was an official holiday but a working till 1965. It was announced as nonworking day on May 8, 1965. Chinese communists and Spanish communists observed the day from 1922 and 1936 respectively. After China had become People’s Republic of China women were given half day off.
Women’s Day Tradition
There are various traditions followed in different countries around the world. Most common are giving flowers and gifts women, i.e., mothers, wives, sisters, and friends. Yellow mimosas are given to women by men in Italy. The symbol was chosen as other symbols were not available in large quantity as well as was expensive in Italy. Hence Teresa Mattei chose yellow mimosa as a symbol of International Women’s Day. The same accompanied with chocolates are a common gift in Russia.
There are many countries like Cameroon, Serbia, Croatia, ROmainia, Chile and Montenegro which do not have an official holiday on women’s day but still is widely observed. A common custom is to present women with gifts on the day. In Portugal, March 8 night is women only dinner where they can party and enjoy the night.
The United Nations in 1977 requested all members states to declare the day as UN Day for women rights as well as World Peace. However, many countries especially the eastern countries celebrated the day on an original day and not March 8. United Nations since 1996 chose themes to uplift women and their roles. Below are the list of the United Nations themes.
| Sr.No.|| Year|| UN Theme
|1||1996||Celebrating the Past, Planning for the Future
|2||1997||Women and the Peace Table
|3||1998||Women and Human Rights
|4||1999||World Free of Violence Against Women
|5||2000||Women Uniting for Peace
|6||2001||Women and Peace: Women Managing Conflicts
|7||2002||Afghan Women Today: Realities and Opportunities
|8||2003||Gender Equality and the Millennium Development Goals
|9||2004||Women and HIV/AIDS
|10||2005||Gender Equality Beyond 2005; Building a More Secure Future
|11||2006||Women in Decision-making
|12||2007||Ending Impunity for Violence Against Women and Girls
|13||2008||Investing in Women and Girls
|14||2009||Women and Men United to End Violence Against Women and Girls
|15||2010||Equal Rights, Equal Opportunities: Progress for All
|16||2011||Equal Access to Education, Training, and Science and Technology: Pathway to Decent Work for Women
|17||2012||Empower Rural Women, End Poverty and Hunger
|18||2013||A Promise is a Promise: Time for Action to End Violence Against Women
|19||2014||Equality for Women is Progress for All
|20||2015||Empowering Women, Empowering Humanity: Picture it!
|21||2016||Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality
|22||2017||Be Bold for Change
Happy Women’s Day 2017.
Kwanzaa is a holiday celebrated by the Western African people in the United States and other countries. It is a week-long holiday which honors African heritage in the Americas. It is to celebrate the African-American culture with feasts and gift giving. The festival was created by Maulana Karenga and has seven core principles. The first time Kwanzaa was celebrated in 1966-67.
When is Kwanzaa 2017?
Kwanzaa 2017 begins on December 26th, 2017 and ends on January 1st in the year of 2018.
What is Kwanzaa?
Kwanzaa was the first holiday specifically for African-Americans created by Maulana Karenga in 1966. Kwanzaa comes from Swahili phrase “matunda ya kwanza” which means first fruits of the harvest, although the Cultural translation is “first fruits.” Kwanzaa is not just a Western African holiday, but it is a Pan-African making it a Pan-Africanism holiday. The sign of this is the choice of the word Kwanzaa from Swahili which is an East African language. Most trade slaves were brought from West Africa to the America.
Kwanzaa has its origin in the 1960s black nationalist movement. The black nationalist movement was to reconnect African Americans with their African culture and historical heritage. The idea was to unite all in meditation, learn African traditions and the Nguzo Saba. Nguzo Saba are the seven principles of the African Heritage.
Karenga said the seven principals is the ideology that of the family unity and responsibility of the individuals towards the community which is the African Philosophy. It was an essential belief to revolutionaries. Karenga believed Cultural Revolution given direction, purpose, and identity. Kwanzaa has then seen a celebration of Family, Culture, and Community and not an alternative to any religion or religious holiday. Many African Americans celebrate both Kwanzaa and Christmas.
Principles and Symbols
Kwanzaa commemorates the Nguzo Saba or the seven principles of Kwanzaa. The seven principles are the “best African thoughts in continuous exchange with the world.” Below are the seven principles and meanings of the principles of Kwanzaa. Each day of the holiday is dedicated to one principle.
|Sr.No.||Principal ||Meaning ||Image
|3||Ujima||Collective Work and Responsiblity||
Umoja stands for Unity, It means unity in the community, nation, race and family.
It means Self-Determination, which means to be able to speak for ourselves as well as define ourselves.
Ujima – It reflects Collective Work and Responsibility, this defines looking for one another. Build the community together and make others problems like yours to solve them together.
Ujamma – It stands for Cooperative Economics, which means build an economic system to profit together by building own stores, shops, and other businesses.
Nia – It conveys purpose, it means to bring our people to the traditional greatness by common vocation to build and develop our community.
Kuumba – It signifies Creativity, which conveys to work as much as we can in the way we can to make the community beautiful and beneficial.
Imani – It indicates faith, which expresses to believe our people full heartedly. It also means to believe in our leaders, our parents, and our people, their righteousness and victory of struggle.
Below are the symbols to celebrate Kwanzaa Festival
- Mkeka – A mat on which all symbols are placed on it.
- Kinara – A candle holder
- Mishumaa Saba – Seven Candles
- Mazao – Crops
- Muhindi – Corn
- Kikombe cha Umoja – Unity Cup to give thanks to African Ancestors.
- Zawadi – Gifts
Other symbols are Nguzo Saba posters and bandera a flag with black, red and green color. Also, African book and art crafts are displayed to show the value of African culture. It also shows the contribution of the African people in building and reinforcement of community. Corn is the key decoration symbol and for dining as well.
Kwanza Observance and Principles
African American households celebrate Kwanzaa with arts, colorful clothing and wear kaftans by women. Fresh fruits which symbolize the African Idealism. A common tradition is to respect ancestors and involve children in celebration. Liquid drinks are offered in the same chalice which is called Kikombe cha Umoja. Many non-African- American also celebrate Kwanzaa. A common greeting use on the festival is “Joyous Kwanzaa.”
During Kwanzaa, drumming and music are played. Other celebrations include reading the African pledge, African principle of the day, Principle of Blackness, a candle-lighting ritual, artistic performance, Image of Pan-African colors and finally a feast which is known as Karamu. A common greeting during the days of Kwanzaa is Habari Gani? Which means “How are you?” in Swahili.
Halloween 2017 Celebrations – Halloween wiki details and history
Halloween 2017 is going to be celebrated on 31 October on the eve of the feast of all hallows which falls on November 1. It is a holiday that is awaited by every kid in the world where he gets to dress up as someone they admire could be a superhero or could be a princess.
Halloween 2017 image
Halloween means hallowed evening which stands for the holy evening. It is a festival to remember the dead and to pay respect to them. Many countries follow Halloween but in their traditional style.
When is Halloween 2017?
Halloween 2017 is on Tuesday, 31st October 2017. You can read more about Halloween date and countdown on next post.
Halloween 2017 Celebration
When it comes to the festival, It is always a headache to find the celebration prós from the online or offline. On FestCalendar you can get every possible detail about the festival celebration including history to gift ideas. As we all know that Halloween is not far and we are preparing hard for it, festcalendar have provided you with a list of the following items for Halloween celebration 2017.
Halloween without costumes is like a bird without wings; FestCalendar has prepared an excellent list of the Halloween costumes 2017. You can get the following Halloween costumes from our portal.
Halloween Wishes and Quotes
When it comes to the festival, Wishing our dear one on the special occasion is the must. We people always celebrate the holiday by wishing our family and friends by sending them a beautiful flower bookey or gift article. If it is not possible, we people are sending a quote or text message as a part of the wish. For Halloween Celebration 2017, FestCalendar has prepared an impressive list of the Halloween Wishes Quotes and Greetings message. You can find it here
People often decorate their homes, offices, garden and restaurants on the day of Halloween. For this year, FestCalendar is come up with an impressive collection of the best scary and scoop Halloween decoration ideas. You can find it here
Halloween Songs and Movies list
People often celebrate the October 31 by having various parties at their homes. There are a lot of movies based on the Halloween theme. Most of the channel broadcast on television still if you wants to watch a halloween movie online, this post of festcalendar will help you.
31st October – Halloween date
According to popular belief, Halloween has emerged from an ancient festival called Samhain. It was celebrated by the Celtic as their harvest festival and later was named as a Christian festival by the early stage. However, some people do believe the Halloween is a Christian festival and has its own source separate to that of Samhain. Some also believe that Halloween is a festival that has its roots in the roman feast of Pomona,the goddess of fruits and seeds or parentalia, the festival of dead.
Samhain was celebrated after harvest rest of the season. It was a festival known to be the line between this world and the otherworld. It is believed that the spirits and fairies could come easily to our world and keep their presence in people’s mind. Offerings were left outside of the house for the spirits which in return would keep them and their belongings safe through the cold winter. Candles would be lit in all room windows and doors so good spirits can find their way.
Primarily Halloween is celebrated through western culture although in the last decade the festival has reached most parts of work trough t popularity in society. Reasons to celebrate vary between countries. Countries in the east celebrate to follow the new modern American culture. Most countries have a day where they celebrate my remembering the people who have passed away.
Happy Halloween 2017
Happy Halloween 2016
The tradition of Halloween costumes and going house to house started in the 16th century. Although ancient western literature mentions that people would dress up as spirits and would receive offerings made by people on behalf of the dead,Originally it is believed that people would wear costumes and impersonate to protect themselves from devils. People believed that giving offerings will bring them future and keep their well-being through the winter. In Scotland, young people would go house to house painting themselves black with ashes of bonfire or wearing a mask and threaten families to do some mischief if they would not welcome or give offerings. Although in some parts of Europe a man with wearing costumes on the horse and to acts.
In the 19th century, candles would be lit and prayers were made to the spirits and souls who have left this world. After prayers, the family would gather and play games and have a feast. The games primary goal would be to discover one’s future. Bonfires wold take place and the smoke of it was considered to have cleansing powers and bring prosperity to the family. Fires were a thought to be the sun that would help them grow and keep the devils away from their home. In the Scottish region during this period a new way to celebrate started where young people would dress as spirits and play pranks on others. The same tradition moved to England in the 20th century.Most people used to carry lanterns that represented spirits and to chase away the evil spirits. This tradition comes from Ireland and Scotland where it was very common to carry lanterns. Surely
Surely Halloween 2017 traditions will be very different from what we know of all old traditions as new ideas are adopted each year .
What is the Connection of Halloween with Christian?
According to Christina belief, Halloween is an evening before the holy days of saints that are on November 1 and all souls day which falls on November 2 thus making Halloween as the eve of all holy days. Major feasts are prepared in churches and prayers are sung to honour the saints and people who might have recently left the world and whose souls still yet to reach the heaven. In Christian culture all saints festive was commenced in the year 609 but was celebrated on 13 may similar to that roman festive of the dead. In year 835 November 1 was officially decided to celebrate same as the Samhain. Some believe the change to be influenced by geographical similarities to the Celtic.
By the 12th century, the festival was spread across Europe. They might have difference ways to celebrate but the goal was the pray for the dead and in return bring good fortune. Some parts of Europe celebrated by ring bells in church and for the souls. People also would come on street ringing bells engaging others to join to remember the souls who have departed this world.
Trick or treat has been linked to fouling that dates back to 15th century. Soling was a tradition of baking soul cakes for christened souls. This tradition was suggested to start in England. Poor children would go door to door collecting the cakes and in return would pray for the dead of people whose relatives might have passed away. In olden times it is believed that souls which left the world roam around our world until All saints day. The souls also are given a chance to take revenge of enemies before going to the next world.
People think of wearing masks to save themselves from souls that would want payback from them. On of the symbols of Halloween is the jack-ò-lantern which initially represented the souls of the dead. Some lit fires to divert the souls not to haunt houses of Christian families. Contrary in some countries candles were lit in every room so souls could visit their homes and families. In olden France, people would dress up as corpses to show that all things in this world come to an end. Some people also sit next to graves of loved ones praying. In Italy, families cook meals and keep it on doorway before going to church.
Halloween Celebrations In North America
Up until 19th century, Halloween was not celebrated in Northern America. It is when in the 19th-century lot of Scottish and Irish families migrated to the United States Of America Halloween was counted as a holiday. In the 20th century, it was known as a major holiday celebrated by all parts of society irrespective of race or religion.
The Halloween has various symbols from country to country. The most famous of all is the Jack ò lantern. As mentioned earlier some people believe the lantern is to frighten the evil spirits. According to Irish folklore, it said to be believed that soul jack soul was denied entry into heaven and hell. While walking on the road after drinking jack meets a devil and tricks the devil into climbing a tree and trapping him in the tree by etching a cross in the bark.
Jack then makes a deal with the devil that satan can never claim his soul. After a life of all sins drinking and other sins jack was denied to enter heaven when he died. As devil had promised jack that it will not claim his soul in hell, the devil throws the live coal to jack from the fires of hell, jack places the coal in hollowed turnip which would stop it from going out since that time jack has his lantern and has been trying to find a place to rest.
Traditionally a turnip is carved but the people who migrated to northern America use pumpkin instead. The houses are decorated with symbols of lantern and scarecrows. These days parties are organised with has times of graveyard, as death and monsters. The two primary colours of Halloween are black and orange, but now purple is also widely used and known as Halloween colours.
Americans have adopted the festival so well that to some it feel like an American holiday, which before 200 years was festive migrated with the Irish and Scottish. But now the Americans celebrate as a festival, as one of theirs and it feels like its been around for long.
What is Trick or Treat on Halloween?
Trick or Treat
Trick or Treat is one of the main reason people think we celebrate Halloween. Trick or treat is a tradition where children go house to house asking for treats like candy or gifts or money. When children ask treat or trick it refers to if the house owner wants to give candies or gifts and treat means threatening them to be ready for some prank bring damage to property or house owner.
In addition to trick or treat a new concept developed which is called trunk or treat, where trunks of cars are decorated and children get any and gifts from there.
Halloween is widely celebrated by many around the world and hope you enjoy this Halloween 2017 the most with family and friends. Hope you have a spookiest Halloween this year and also equally make it scary for others.
Black Friday Wiki Details including Online-Offline Deals and History
The fourth Thursday of November is Thanksgiving Day and the day following is known Black Friday. It is also known as the start of the shopping season in the U.S., and all shops give discounts and sales. Most shops open early and offer one of the best prices during the day.
Black Friday is not an official holiday, but many view it as a holiday The Day After Thanksgiving. Most commonly the state of California gives holidays to government employees. Most schools have both the days of Thanksgiving and Friday off which makes it a four-day weekend, becoming one of the best time stop shops. It is also known as the busiest time of shopping in the year.
Black Friday 2017
Black Friday 2017 countdown has been started a long and people are damn excited for this shopping festival. You can find Black Friday deals, history and other wiki details from this page.
When is Black Friday 2017?
Black Friday 2017 is celebrated the day after Thanksgiving Day. Black Friday falls on November 25 this year. The day is a big shopping day and most retail shops plan in advance for Black Friday.
Why Black Friday?
The term Black Friday was invented in 1961 in Philadelphia, where undisciplined pedestrians and the traffic would create havoc on Thanksgiving. It was after twenty-year the term was popular and a different meaning for the word was familiar. The term means where retailers begin to turn a profit.
Black Friday Deals
Black Friday Deals
It was only in 2014, the shopping volume decreased, despite the U.S. economy not being in recession. The fall was noted as most retailers provide offer throughout the months of November and December which gives shoppers option of not purchasing everything during the four-day holiday of Thanksgiving and Black Friday.
Many shops open early in the morning on Black Friday with great deals, and some of these shops also opened during midnight. Nowadays many start their offers the day before on the evening of Thanksgiving. The day of Black Friday violence is reported with heavy injuries. Many camps out on the night of Thanks Giving to start shopping on Black Friday with deals.
Violence and chaos
During Black Friday there is a lot of chaos and violence due to the rush and amount people in the crowd. There is a lot of pushing and fighting to get the best product which they have been waiting for a long time. There have been many attempts stop violence and control the shoppers, but still, minor injuries are very common.
There have been times when a substantial harm, as well as death, have occurred due to stampedes. Although a lot of minor injuries are reported all over the country, only some have reported serious injuries. Some violence has also been intentional. Government have tried to make the shopping day smooth and violence-free.
History of Black Friday
Black Friday is usually linked to old Santa Claus parades in which Santa Claus would come at the end of the day. This was because Christmas was the next festival to come. Most of these events were organized by stores to advertise their product. This became a tradition as the day after became the start of the shopping season.
It was President Franklin D. Roosevelt who changed the day of Thanksgiving from last Thursday to Fourth Thursday to benefit the store owners who would give them a longer time to advertise. Nowadays most online businesses are offering big offers online which helps reduce the crowd on streets and makes it more convenient.
Many retailers have started opening on Thursday instead of Black Friday. Every year retailers started increasing their time to begin to give shoppers more time and have less rush which eventually moved to Thursday. After some store followed same tradition and others continued to do the same. Many refer to the day as Brown Thursday as well.
Although a lot of stores have reported it as a loss and failure. Many stores did not see any business in the day. Even being a rush on the night of Thanksgiving in stores it did not see any sales rise. Many stores decided to go back to open early on Black Friday instead of a day early.
Black Friday Shopping the United States
Many states in the United Stats have public holidays day after Thanksgiving. States that have official Black Friday are below.
- West Virginia
- South Carolina
- New Mexico
- New Hampshire
Many news channels report the Black Friday as the busiest shopping day of a year. It is in recent years this trend has increased. It has always been reported the busiest since all year exception being the year of 2004. Although the shopping trends have an effect and is related to Christmas shopping. Although shopping overall of the whole holiday season is not that big regarding money spent. Many say Black Friday is losing its value as most retail start their sales on Thanksgiving Day.
Black Friday online deals
Many websites offer a discount on their page which are displayed a month early. Most of the items are well listed with a proper description including name and picture. This is done so all shoppers can budget and plan themselves for the upcoming holiday. There are lots of Black Friday Ads available on internet.
Many stores have informed that some prices on the websites are leaked information as Black Friday Deals and not to be used by websites. Several laws have passed to keep the prices secret of retailers. Many have claimed against websites that declare prices of retail shops. It was also a risk that competitors will take benefit of it and misuse it.
Enjoy the day shopping all you can during the holiday making sure all is done in a safe manner with the no or fewer injuries in any store. Hope you have the best shopping day.
Martin Luther King Jr Day 2018
Martin Luther King Jr. Day is his birthday celebrated annually in the United States as a federal holiday. During the Civil Rights Movement, the King was the head speaker on nonviolent activism. In the federal and state laws, it successfully protested for racial discrimination. After his assassination in 1968, a campaign started to make a national holiday to honor King. In 1983 President Ronald Reagan signed the holiday into law but then celebrated three years later. Many states object the holiday and some integrated with other holidays. First time celebrated in all states of the United States in 2000.
When is Martin Luther King Day in 2018?
Kings’ Birthday was on January 15, so the holiday was celebrated on his birthday officially celebrated annually on third Monday of January.
Martin Luther King Day’s History
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day in 2018 – January 15
Labor unions promoted the Martin Luther King Jr. Day as an official holiday. The two people to introduce the bill in Congress to make the King’s birthday a national holiday were John Conyers and Senator Edward Brooke, a Democrat from Michigan and a Republican from Massachusetts respectively. In 1979 the bill came for a vote in the Unites States House of Representative. The bill failed with the required vote for it to be passed. The opponents two main arguments were that King was a private citizen as he never took office and a paid holiday would be costly. George Washington and Christopher Columbus were the other two personalities for whom a national holiday was observed honoring their work. In 1980, Stevie Wonder released a song Happy Birthday to publicize the campaign and following year organized a Rally for Peace Press Conference. To make the holiday into law six million signatures were collected to make it the largest petition in the United States history.
George Washington and Christopher Columbus were the other two personalities for whom a national holiday was observed honoring their work. In 1980, Stevie Wonder released a song Happy Birthday to publicize the campaign and following year organized a Rally for Peace Press Conference. To make the holiday into law six million signatures were collected to make it the largest petition in the United States history.
Two Republicans from North Carolina Senator Jesse Helms and John Porter East opposed the holiday questioning importance of King and whether he was a famous person to receive this much honor. Jesse Helms mentioned King’s fault opposing the Vietnam War. He also gave in three hundred page document to Senate claiming the relation between King and communists. The paper was thrown on the floor and stomped by New York Senator Daniel Patrick. According to Senato Patrick the document “packet of filth.”
Initially, President Ronald Reagan was against holiday mentioning the cost of the holiday. President Reagan once commented “We’ll know in thirty-five years, won’t we? When asked if King was a communist?. Representative Katie Hall of Indiana proposed a bill to make it a federal holiday which later was signed by President Ronald Reagan on November 2, 1983. January 20, 1986, was the first time when the holiday was observed after a veto-proof vote counts 338 to 90 passed in the House of Representatives. Loretta Scott King, the wife of King, was made a member of commission by President George H.W. Bush in May 1989 formed to look after the observance of holiday
State level passage
I have a dream Quote
The law was signed in 1983 to make the day a federal holiday however it was celebrated three years later. Many states of the U.S. did not observe the holiday, till the New Hampshire legislature created Civil Rights Day in 1991. The new law also abolished Fast Day. The last state to recognize the holiday was Utah in 2000 when Human Rights Day changed to Martin Luther King Jr. Day and South Carolina the last state to make it an official paid holiday.
Martin Luther King Day’s Alternative names
Now all days observe the day, but some states did not name the holiday after King. State of New Hampshire celebrated the holiday as Civil Rights day till 1999. After voting of the State Legislature, the festival changed to Martin Luther King Day. Many states combined King Day with other observances.
- Alabama – Robert E. Lee and Martin Luther King Birthday
- Arizona – Martin Luther King Jr. and Civil Rights Day
- Arkansas – Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert E. Lee’s Birthdays
- Idaho – Martin Luther King Jr. and Idaho Human Rights Day
- Mississippi – Martin Lither King’s and Robert E. Lee’s Birthday
- New Hampshire – Martin Luther King Jr. Civil Rights Day
- Virginia – Lee-Jackson-King-Day till 2000 and after 2000, Martin Luther King Day Jr.
Outside the United States
Martin Luther King Jr. Day in the Japanese city of Hiroshima is observed equally as in the United States. Mayor Tadatoshi Akiba organizes a special banquet in Mayor’s office to recognize the city’s call for peace. The day is also known in the City of Toronto, Canada but is not an official holiday as both government and business stay open.
An event in 1884 was organized at the Israeli president’s residence in Jerusalem conducted by Rabbi Arnold Resnicoff a U.S Navy Chaplain to honor Martin Luther King Jr. Day. The event was well supported and applauded by Aura Herzog wife of then-President Chaim Herzog. A national forest in Israel named after King. The idea of ‘dreams” are both shared by Israel and King. Killing the dreamer does not kill the dream as in the case of Martin Luther King Jr.