Republic Day of India is a day to tribute the date when the Constitution of India came into action on 26 January 1950. The Constitution of India replaced the Government of India Act. It is the governing document of India. On 26 November 1949, the Indian Constituent Assembly approved the Constitution. On 26 January 1950, the constitution was into effect with a democratic system. It was the time when the transition was over to become an independent republic. We have also provided live streaming on this website. You can watch 26th January 2017 live parade on the same page.
When is Republic Day of India in 2016?
The Republic Day of India is annually celebrated on 26 January. In 2017 it comes on Thursday.
Why 26 January?
The Indian National Congress proclaimed for the Declaration of Indian Independence on 26 January 1930. Hence the day was selected as the Republic Day. The Republic Day is a National holiday in India. Independence and Gandhi Jayanti are the other two national holidays.
History of Republic day of India
On 15 August 1947, India attained independence from British rule. India achieved independence after a significant peaceful independence movement. Mahatma Gandhi led the non-violent resistance and civil disobedience. Indian Independence Act 1947 gave India the Independence. The act partitioned India into two new countries, India and Pakistan. The law was of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. India got independence as a constitutional monarchy. Earl Mountbatten as governor-general and George VI as the head of the state.
India did not have a fixed constitution. The laws were according to the modified Government of Inda Act 1935. The drafting committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution on 28 August 1947. The chairman of the committee was Dr. B R Ambedkar. 15 August is the date when India celebrates Independence Day, the freedom from British Rule. While Republic Day marks the day when the constitution came into action.
On November 4, 1947, a draft constitution was submitted to the assembly. Before adopting the constitution, the Assembly sat for 166 days which was spread over two years, eleven months and eighteen days. The assembly after few modifications signed the hand-written copies of the document. The 308 members of the assembly signed the Hindi and English copies of the constitution on 24 January 1950. The constitution came into action two days later on 26 January 1950.
26th January Celebrations in India
Republic Day celebration is held mainly in the capital New Delhi. The President of India organizes the event at Rajpath. The ceremonies and parades held at Rajpath display the unity in diversity and rich culture heritage of the country. On 67th Republic Day on 26 January 2016, the first parade took place on the full stretch of Marine Drive in Mumbai by the Protocol Department of the Government of Maharashtra.
26 Jan Delhi Parade Live
The Chief Republic Day Parade is held in New Delhi. The parade starts from the gates of President’s residence the Rashtrapati Bhavan, past the India Gate on Rajpath the Raisina Hill. The event lasts three days and is the main attraction for the celebration of the Republic Day of India. The parade is a stage to show the country’s Defence Capability as well as the rich cultural and the social heritage.
Live streaming of 26th January Parade 2017
You can watch 26th January (Republic day) parade live (online) on DD national website as well government website of India.
On the day nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army participate. The Navy and the Air Force march past with their official decorations and formal dress. The commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces is the President of India who takes the salute on Republic Day. The para-military force of India and other civil forces also take part in the parade.
After the end of Republic Day festivities, the Beating Retreat ceremony begins. The service is conducted after the third day of Republic Day on 29 January. The Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force bands perform on the day. The Raisina Hill is the venue for the event. The President of India is the chief guest escorted by the cavalry unit.
On arrival of the President, the PBG commander asks the group to give National Salute.
Then after the National Anthem Jana Gana Mana is played by the army. The army makes a band including Military Bands, Buglers, Pipe and Drum Bands, Trumpeters from various regiments take part. The Navy and Air Force bands don’t take part in it. Popular tunes are played on the day including Abide With Me and “Saare Jahan Se Achcha.”
Chief Guest on Republic Day of India
On Republic Day India hosts a head of State or Government of another country as the guest of honor. This has been going since 1950. The Republic Day celebrations were organized at different venues from 1950-1954. The chief guest is chosen after seeing economic and political interests. Twice India has hosted two countries on the same Republic Day in 1968 and 1974. Below is the list of countries hosted on Republic Day of India.
|2||1951||King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah||Nepal|
|5||1954||King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck||Bhutan|
|6||1955||Governor General Malik Ghulam Muhammad||Pakistan|
|9||1958||Marshall Ye Jianying||China|
|11||1960||Chairman Kliment Voroshilov||Soviet Union|
|12||1961||Queen Elizabeth II||United Kingdom|
|14||1963||King Norodom Sihanouk||Cambodia|
|16||1965||Food and Agriculture Minister Rana Abdul Hamid||Pakistan|
|19||1968||Chairman Alexei Kosygin||Soviet Union|
|20||President Josip Broz Tito||Yugoslavia|
|21||1969||Prime Minister Todor Zhivkov||Bulgaria|
|23||1971||President Julius Nyerere||Tanzania|
|24||1972||Prime Minister Seewoosagur Ramgoolam||Mauritius|
|25||1973||President Mobutu Sese Seko||Zaire|
|26||1974||President Josip Broz Tito||Yugoslavia|
|27||Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike||Sri Lanka|
|28||1975||President Kenneth Kaunda||Zambia|
|29||1976||Prime Minister Jacques Chirac||France|
|30||1977||First Secretary Edward Gierek||Poland|
|31||1978||President Patrick Hillery||Ireland|
|32||1979||Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser||Australia|
|33||1980||President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing||France|
|34||1981||President Jose Lopez Portillo||Mexico|
|35||1982||King Juan Carlos I||Spain|
|36||1983||President Shehu Shagari||Nigeria|
|37||1984||King Jigme Singye Wangchuck||Bhutan|
|38||1985||President Raúl Alfonsín||Argentina|
|39||1986||Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou||Greece|
|40||1987||President Alan Garcia||Peru|
|41||1988||President J. R. Jayewardene||Sri Lanka|
|42||1989||General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh||Vietnam|
|43||1990||Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth||Mauritius|
|44||1991||President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom||Maldives|
|45||1992||President Mário Soares||Portugal|
|46||1993||Prime Minister John Major||United Kingdom|
|47||1994||Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong||Singapore|
|48||1995||President Nelson Mandela||South Africa|
|49||1996||President Fernando Henrique Cardoso||Brazil|
|50||1997||Prime Minister Basdeo Panday||Trinidad and Tobago|
|51||1998||President Jacques Chirac||France|
|52||1999||King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev||Nepal|
|53||2000||President Olusegun Obasanjo||Nigeria|
|54||2001||President Abdelaziz Bouteflika||Algeria|
|55||2002||President Cassam Uteem||Mauritius|
|56||2003||President Mohammed Khatami||Iran|
|57||2004||President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva||Brazil|
|58||2005||King Jigme Singye Wangchuck||Bhutan|
|59||2006||King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud||Saudi Arabia|
|60||2007||President Vladimir Putin||Russia|
|61||2008||President Nicolas Sarkozy||France|
|62||2009||President Nursultan Nazarbayev||Kazakhstan|
|63||2010||President Lee Myung Bak||South Korea|
|64||2011||President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono||Indonesia|
|65||2012||Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra||Thailand|
|66||2013||King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck||Bhutan|
|67||2014||Prime Minister Shinzo Abe||Japan|
|68||2015||President Barack Obama||United States|
|69||2016||President François Hollande||France|
|70||2017||Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan||United Arab Emirates|