Happy Hanukkah 2017 songs, Prayers, Candles – Check Hanukah Celebration Date
Hanukkah 2017 countdown is started. It is celebrated for the rededication of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. It was during the Maccabean revolt opposing the Seleucid Empire. Hanukkah is commemorated for eight nights and days. Hanukkah starts on the 25th days of Kislev based on the Hebrew calendar. This could come anytime from late November to late December on the Gregory calendar.
Hanukkah 2017 is commonly referred as the Festival of Lights and Feast of Dedication. There are many ways the festival is celebrated such as lighting each night with one additional light on the nine- branched menorah. The Menorah is also known as Chanukah or Hanukiah. The festival is celebrated by the kindling of lights.
What is Hanukkah?
The menorah commonly has eight branches with one addition different branch. The extra light which is used to lit others is known as Shamash. The position is usually distinct commonly below or above the rest. Other common festivities of Hanukkah are eating oil based foods and playing dreidel. Many countries now light the menorah on open or public places after the 1970s worldwide Chabad Hasidic Movement.
Why is it named Hanukkah?
Hanukkah means to dedicate which comes from the Hebrew verb “חנך.” The Maccabean Jews took back control of Jerusalem and rededicated the Temple on Hanukkah. There are many theories on why the festival is named Hanukkah. The word also means rested on the twenty-fifth which can refer to the day Jews stopped fighting on the 25th day of Kislev. It is also the day when the holiday begins. The word Hanukkah also means Eight Candles and the Hakakha. The two rabbinical schools have the difference of thought in which Hanukkah flames must be lit.
When is Hanukkah 2017?
Hanukkah 2017 celebration is not far away. Do check the following clock to know how many days left till Hanukkah celebration 2017.
The two schools Shammai and Hillel have the difference where Shammai believe that eight candles must be lit on the first night then seven on the second night and same way till one candle on the last night. The Hillel believe to light one candle on the first day and then add one each night to reach to eight candles on eight night. The Hillel believe miracle increased in greatness each day. Hillel is adopted by the Jewish law.
Hebrew calendar is used to determine Hanukkah. Based on the Hebrew calendar the day comes on the 25th day of Kislev and ends on the 2nd or 3rd of Tevet. Gregorian calendar starts the day at midnight however the Jewish day starts at sunset. Hanukkah is on the 24th of December and begins on the sunset.
Hanukkah Songs and Prayers
Happy Hanukkah 2016
In this post, we have shared several Hanukkah Songs and Hanukkah Prayers on this portal. Feel free to share this with your friends and family. Before you get Happy Hanukkah 2017 images, songs and prayers, read some wiki details about it.
Hanukkah has family based and public rituals which are performed throughout the eight days of the holiday. Daily prayers have special additions to it and an additional section for blessing after meals. Hanukkah is not a very strict holiday like Sabbath. There is no compulsion on holiday and most people go to work but leave early from work. The holiday has no restrictions and most people do their day to day activities. Most return home early to kindle the lights at nightfall. Schools do close from the second day of the holiday for a whole week. However, there is no such religious reason for it to be closed.
Families exchange gifts each night of the holiday. Gifts may be books or games, a popular gift to children is the Hanukkah Gelt. To signify the importance of oil many oil based foods are columned such as potato pancakes or ay other fried foods. Many also eat dairy products to remember how she overcame Holofernes by feeding cheese. This made him thirsty, and wine was then given to drink. Judith cut Holofernes head after he got very drunk.
Kindling of Lights
On each night of the holiday, candles are lit. A number of lights increase each day and is practices universally. Additional light is lit either higher or lower from the others, the additional light is given a distinct location. Shamus is often used as an extra candle. However, it being linguistically incorrect. Most commonly candles are used, but some also use oil lamps. Electric lights are not very common but may be used in some locations where open flame is not allowed. If any case they use electric lights only the incandescent and battery operated is allowed and not, the Plug-in lamps are not allowed. Most homes have specials candelabrum which is called the Chanukiah.
Happy Hanukkah Candles
Hanukkah light means illumination of the house without and not lighting of the house within. It is commonly set at windows or door that lead to the street, so passersby are reminded of the miracle of the holiday. The idea is a triumph of few over many and also pure over the impure. Women are not allowed in Jewish law from time-bound commandments. However, they are required to participate in the mitzvah of lighting Hanukkah candles as women were also involved in a miracle. Although only male members lit the candles in Orthodox households. In some households, all participate in lighting candles with the head of family lighting first candle and the wife lighting the second candle and the remaining by children.
Candle lighting time on Hanukkah
The Hanukkah lights or the candles should burn for atlas half an hour after it gets dark. Common practice is to lit candles on sundown however many lit it later as well. Many lights it later to publicize the miracle of the holiday. If due to circumstances the lights are not lit at sunset or nightfall the lights should be lit later until people are on streets. If in any case, it is later than that then candles should be still lit but blessings should be said only if someone is awake in the house and be present on the lighting of Hanukkah lights.
First Night of Hanukkah 2017
Customary three blessing are said on each of the eight days of the festival. All three blessings are recited on the first night of Hanukkah. Blessings may be said before or after candle lighting. On the first-night right side of Menorah is lit with one light and on the second night left to the first light is lit. So for the eight-day candles are lit right to the left but lighting them from left to right over eight days.
Get some Hanukkah 2017 wishes images and celebration ideas on this portal for free. You can download the Happy Hanukkah images from this post. You can share Happy Hanukkah 2017 images with your friends and family on various social networking websites like facebook, twitter, Instagram, Pinterest. You can also use this Hanukkah images as Whatsapp DP and status on December 24.
Happy Hanukkah in Hebrew
Deepavali Essay and Wiki details – Get Diwali Celebration date in India
Diwali 2017 countdown is now no farther. Deepavali is a Hindu festival and is known as the festival of lights. It is celebrated by Hindu people around the globe, but many non-Hindu people also celebrate Deepavali. The festival is celebrated in autumn or spring.
Diwali has been derived from Sanskrit word dīpāvali which means “series of lights”. The word dīp means light and āvali means series. The festival is also recognised as dīpotsava which means festival of lights. India is a country with many languages, and all languages have similar names but yet slightly different from Diwali.
Diwali Date 2017
Diwali 2017 is going to be celebrated on October 19, 2017.
Deepavali 2017 countdown
As many festivals, Deepavali is also a festival that marks the victory of good over evil and light over darkness. Deepavali is celebrated by putting lights on houses in form of Diya’s (a traditional lamp used to lit house). Most parts of the house are lit and is truly a sight to watch.
Most temples are decorated and look spectacular with various lightning ways. It is commonly celebrated for five days but the prime day being the night of Diwali. This night comes on the darkest new moon night based on the Hindu calendar Bikram Sambat month Kartika (lunisolar month). In accordance with this Diwali mostly falls in October or November of the Gregorian calendar.
Happy Diwali Celebration
The common tradition involves people cleaning their houses and offices and renovating before Deepavali. During Diwali, all wear new clothes or the best clothing they have. Houses are lit from inside and outside. Most go to temples to get blessings from Hindu gods and thank them for the good past year and pray for the coming year.
Family members get together to participate in Lakshmi puja. It is also known for fireworks. In olden times fireworks were done only on Diwali or the night before but these days fireworks are what mainly interests the majority of the population, so people start using fireworks before a week or ten days.
The common Diwali tradition is to have a meal with all family members. Most Hindu families get together with family members and share sweets. Most visit each others house especially to house that has elders, to take their blessings. Most houses have varieties of sweets to be served to all guest coming to wish them. Deepavali known to be a new year for many Hindus is also the highest shopping period in a year where people buy new things from clothes to cars.
Countries where Diwali is an Official Holiday
- Sri Lanka
- Trinidad and Tobago
History of Diwali
Diwali Diya Image
You can find more Diwali wallpapers from our website.
Diwali is an ancient festival dated back to 1st millennium AD. In those time the light or diya was a representation of the sun. Sun is believed to be the energy giver to all life. It is also a light giver which can not be denied by any.
Some Hindus relate Deepavali to Nachiketa story of right versus wrong. The story spreads light over ideas like knowledge over ignorance. The story is about Yama and Nachiketa which took place on Diwali night.
Based on 7th century Sanskrit play, Deepavali is a festival where lamps were lit, and gifts were presented to new married couples. According to the 9th-century text from Kavyamimamsa, streets and homes were lit, and houses were cleaned completely. It also mentions of decorating houses in a different manner than usual.
The festival is also one of the happiest times of the year in India. Buying gifts are one thing that makes the festival the most exciting one. As you also get a lot of gifts from elders and cousins. Most people buy gold on Diwali based on their capacity. Elders of the family tell children stories of why Diwali is celebrated and an importance of it. They also tell stories of gods and fights between good and evil, and God and demons. Female members of the family draw Rangoli’s and colour it to make it look amazing outside of the house. Rangoli is drawn to welcome gods who bring happiness and prosperity to the family. It also is a good welcome for guest who comes to wish.
Five Day of Diwali Celebration in India
||17th October 2017
||Kali Chaudas 2017
||18th October 2017
||19th October 2017
||20th October 2017
||21st October 2017
Diwali 2017 is also a paramount day for Jains, and they believe the day as when Lord Mahavira attained moksha. Sikhs celebrate the day as their Guru Hargobind freed from the prison of the Mughal Empire.
Most parts of India celebrate Deepavali 2017 for a five-day period. You can find each day on our website.
Diwali Celebration by Religion
Diwali is celebrated in many across India based on the region they belong to and rituals they follow. Hindus celebrate Diwali to honor Lord Rama, wife Sita and Brother Laxman’s return from exile after 14 years. Lord Rama defeated Ravana and returned to his home on this day welcomed by millions of Diya’s lit in the city. People lit day to show the victory of good over evil.
Diwali is also celebrated by some as the day when Pandavas returned after 12 years of Vanvas. Diwali is also celebrated to worship goddess Lakshmi, wife of Lord Vishnu. The first day begins when Goddess Lakshmi was born from stirring cosmic ocean of milk by the gods. Goddess Lakshmi chose Vishnu as her husband on the night of Diwali after which they got married.
Other to Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, Goddess Saraswati is also worshiped during these five-day festivals. Most put offerings to Lord Ganesha, who is known to clear all obstacles for all living things. Goddess Saraswati is also worshiped as she symbolizes literature and learning.
Some Hindus believe that Lord Vishnu returned to Goddess Lakshmi on this day. Therefore people pray to Goddess Lakshmi for a good year ahead.
In some parts of India notably the eastern states of Bengal and Odisha worship Goddess Kali and organize big puja’s. In some parts, Lord Krishna is worshiped marking Govardhan Mountain and offering 108 types of dishes to Lord Krishna. Diwali is also known to be the start of a Hindu new year in some parts of the country.
Sikhs celebrate Diwali as freeing the prisoners known as Bandi Chhor Divas where Guru Har Gobind freed from the prison of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Guru Har Gobind Singh then went to the Golden Temple in Amritsar, and since then every year the Golden Temple is fully lit on Diwali.
It is one of the most important days for the Jains as the last Tirthankar of the era; Lord Mahavira attained moksha. Lor Mahavaria gained Nirvana at Pavapuri on 15th October 527 BCE, on Kartik Krishna Amavasya. All Jains pray to Lord Mahavira on Diwali at Jain temples around the world. The day also marks when Gautam Gandhar Swami the principal follower of Lord Mahavira, gained omniscience on the same day.
Buddhist people called the Newar in Nepal celebrate the day by worshipping the goddess, Lakshmi. The newer people celebrate the festival same was as the Hindu people over five days. The Myanmar Buddhist celebrate a similar festival called the Thadingyut festival and Tazaungdaing festival. The festival is celebrated as it is known as the return day of Lord Buddha from Tavatimsa heaven. Homes and temples are decorated with lights and people pray at pagodas.
Diwali is celebrated in many ways having variations based on regions of the country. Most pray to Goddess Lakshmi the goddess of wealth and prosperity. Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, Sikhs and Buddhists. All celebrate for different reasons but the primary being good over evil and light over darkness. Diwali is not only a festival to celebrate by outer lights but also inner lights within each of us. It is a day to remind us to take the right path in life and assess our lives. The festival’s main idea is that good will always triumph no matter how powerful the evil is.
Makar Sankranti is a Hindu festival celebrated in many parts of the world like the Russia, Papua New Guinea, United States and many other countries. It is observed in many different forms across India and other nations. It is known as the harvest festival in the Nepali Calendar which falls on the Magh month. The Nepali Calendar is a Hindu Solar Calendar.
Makar Sankranti 2017
Happy Makar Sankranti
The festival is also a sign of the transition of the sun on its celestial path into Makara, a zodiacal sign commonly known as Capricorn. The day is an also a traditional sign of the arrival of spring in India and Nepal. It is a traditional solar event in India and Nepal which makes it a Hindu festival.
When is Makara Sankranti 2017?
The festival falls commonly on 14th January with some expectations where it falls on 15th January. Under the sidereal zodiac, it is observed at the start of the Capricorn period. It also remarks the arrival of the summer season.
Many people mix Makar Sankranti with Winter Solstice and believe at the Tropic Of Capricorn the sun ends its southward journey. In addition to that, it is believed that the sun starts moving towards Tropic of Cancer northward on the push month of the Nepalese Hindu month. According to Indian religion, there is no hidden solar observance of Winter Solstice but the Vaikuntha Ekadashi festival is the closest which is calculated on the lunar calendar. After Winter Solstice the sun then makes goes northward as the daylight increases.
Maker Sankranti indicates celebration of the day that comes after the winter solstice. Scientifically winter solstice occurs between the 21st and 22nd December in the Northern Hemisphere. On 22nd December daylight will begin and the sun begins its northward path which indicates Uttarayaan. Due to the Axial percussion of the earth the date of winter solstice changes gradually. The time frame is one day early in every seventy years. Therefore at some point in time Makar Sankranti marks the day after represents the date of the winter solstice. The date in mid-January is equivalent to 300CE which was the prime time of the Indian mathematics and astronomy.
Names of Makar Sankranti
Makar Sakranti is celebrating in almost all parts of India with regional variations. It is also known by different names and celebrated in various ways across the country and globally. Below is a table of the many names of Makar Sankranti in India and other countries.
|Sr.No. ||Names ||Places
|1||Maka Sankranti||Most parts of India
|4||Maghi||Haryana,Himachal Pradesh and Punjab
|6||Shishur Saenkraat||Kashmir Valley
|7||Khichdi||Uttar Pradesh and Western Bihar
|12||Pi Ma Lao||Laos
|15||Pongal ||Sri Lanka
Makar Sankranti Fairs (Melas)
Kumbh Mela – Makar Sankranti
Many fairs (also known as mela) across India are organized of which Kumbha Mela being one of the most famous fair. The Kumbha Melas is held every twelve years at four holy locations. The four sacred sites being Haridwar, Prayag, Ujjain, and Nashik. Another fair held every year is the Magha Mela at Prayag. It is commonly referred as mini-Kumbh Mela. Other few fairs are the Gangasagar Mela held at Ganges River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal, Makara Mela in Odisha, Poush Mela in Santiniketan, Bengal, and Tusu Mela also known as Tusu Porab celebrated in Jharkhand and West Bengal.
Makar Sankranti Celebration
Makar Sankranti is celebrated in all parts of India with different traditions based on their regional customs. In the state of Gujarat, Makar Sankranti is a big festival and lasts two days. The first day is known as Uttarayan celebrated on 14th January and Vasi Uttarrayn celebrated on 15th January. Vas Uttarayan is celebrated especially in the city of Surat. Most Gujaratis keenly await the festival to fly kites. Kites are known as ‘Patang’ in Gujarati. Kites are commonly rhombus shape and made of paper and bamboo. The string has abrasives to cut other kites. Most people start flying kites in December in most parts of Gujarat. A typical food generally prepared by most homes is Undhiyu. People usually eat Chikkis and peanuts on the day.
In some parts of the country, Makar Sankranti is a four-day festival such as Tamil Nadu.
In Shimla, Makar Sankranti is known as Magha Saaji. Saaji means the start of the new month. Therefore it refers to the beginning of the month of Magha. On the day people take dips into holy springs or sacred rivers. Standard practice is to visit neighbors and eat khichdi and buttermilk. The festival ends with singing and dancing.
In Nepalese Makar Sankranti is celebrated on the first of Magh on the Hindu Solar Nepali calendar Bikram Samwat. This day signifies as it ends the ill-omened month of poush. All religious ceremonies are prohibited during the month of poush. The day is important as the sun leaves its southernmost spot and move towards northward. Similar to other religious traditions Maghe Sankranti is also a solstice festival.
People take ritual baths in the festival commonly at religious river locations. The rivers where such bath is done is the Sankhamul on Bagmati river, Koshi river basin at Dolalghat, Narayani basin at Triveni, Ridi on Kaligandaki and Devghat near Chitwan. Foods are also distributed to relatives and friends. Favorite dishes include the laddoo, sweet potato fries, and ghee. Female members or the mother of the house wishes good health of the family.
Enjoy this Makar Sankranti with family and friends. Fly kites as high as you can and enjoy your meals this Makar Sankranti with family. Have a great holiday!!!
Also Published at The Hymns And Carols Of Christmas
In the German-speaking countries the Christmas tree is part of the pre-Christian traditionof the “12 Rauhnächte” (12 harsh or wild nights), which later became the “Twelve Nights of Christmas.” The tree is put up on December 24 and taken down after New Years or on January 6, known as “Twelfth Night.” A part of the tradition of taking down the tree is the “Plündern,” raiding the tree of cookies and sugar plums, an event, anxiously awaited by the children. January 6 is also known as “Three Kings.” On that evening carolers, three of them dressed as the three kings or Magi, stroll from house to house. In some areas the old trees will be brought to a public place and burnt in a big bon-fire. January 7 ushers in the pre-Lenten Fasching or Carnival season.
Winter in the northern countries was harsh. As the early Germans observed Fall with the gradual dying of nature, when plants and leaves of trees began to change color, shriveled up and fell to the ground, followed by Winter with ice and snow, they blamed evil spirits for the “killing.” Only a few trees stayed “alive,” the evergreens, and to them they became a symbol of immortality. Good spirits and the magic power of the evergreen were believed to resist the life-threatening powers of darkness and cold. They believed in the special powers of these trees and wherever they were, evil spirits could not go, so they brought the greenery into their homes.
First reports of people bringing holly and pine branches into their homes at Christmas-time date from the late Middle Ages. Life green branches, symbols of life in the cold and dead of winter, were placed on windows, mirrors, and in vases, and may have served to keep evil spirits away. Over time, this mythical function of the greens became simply decorative. Evergreen ropes (garlands) were draped over staircase railings, mantels, picture frames and along ceilings. Fearful that dry branches would catch fire from oil lamps or sparks from the fireplace or heating stove, families waited until almost Christmas eve to hang the garlands.
The decorated tree was originally a pagan tradition in Germany’s upper Rhine region. A decorated holly tree was brought into the house and even placed in the village square. We know this because in 14th-century Alsace laws were written which forbade farmers to cut down evergreens for Christmas uses.
In the 15th or 16th century, the church gave new meaning to the customary symbol of life by decorating trees during the holiday season with apples to symbolize Adam and Eve’s expulsion from Eden. Greens were incorporated into medieval miracle plays and into a Christmas a play, honoring Adam and Eve, that was traditionally presented. An evergreen hung with apples, the fruit of knowledge, was the stage prop.
Families eventually brought decorated trees into their homes, adding to them apples, paper roses, and wafers shaped like stars, angels, hearts, flowers and bells. Tree decorations were mostly symbols of the new-born Christ. The star recalled that first Christmas night.
The first report of a decorated tree is from Strassburg in the Alsace. A traveler writes about the 1605 Christmas: “Auff Weihnachten richtt man Dannenbäume zu Strassburg in den Stubben auf, daran henkett man Rossen aus vielfarbigem Papier geschnitten., Aepfel, Oblaten, Zischgold, Zucker ….” (Frank Gerhard, Es weihnachtet sehr, p. 80) Trees were decorated with roses made from colored paper, apples, wafers, yellow mica, sugar ….
The early Christmas tree stood on a table and decorations were customarily made of food, principally wafers, cookies and candy. The gift-giving custom began when little items were hung on the tree, like tin cutouts, dolls, books, gilded nuts, fiddles and drums, work boxes, needle cases, pen wipes, ribbon, lace and paper chains. All of this is mentioned in early reports from the southern part of Germany and especially from the Alsace. At app. 1840 the tree appeared also in France proper, i.e. beyond the ethnic-German province of Alsace.
Candles replaced bon-fires as a symbol for the returning sun. The imitative magic of the illuminated Christmas tree, as did the bon-fires, was to assure a steady supply of light and heat from the sun, and it had as a second aim the purification or destruction of the forces of evil (Symbols, p. 101). In the Christian tradition, candles represented Christ as the Light of the World.
An early version of a tree with candles was the “lichtstock,” a wooden pyramid, trimmed with green sprigs and candles. Conifers, by virtue of their shape, also partake of the symbolism of the pyramid. The connection between the Christmas tree and lights came about during the 18th century most likely in the Alemannic area of southwestern Germany.
Legends about the first Christmas tree abound. One of these tells about a woodcutter who helps a small hungry child. The next morning, the child appears to the woodcutter and his wife, and is none other than the Christchild. The child breaks a branch from a fir tree and tells the couple that it will be a tree that, at Christmas time, will bear fruit. As foretold the tree is laden with apples of gold and nuts of silver.
Another legend has it that Martin Luther brought a fir tree into his home and decorated it with candles. The candle-lit tree created the image of the starry sky from which Christ emerged. But there is no documentation of lights on the tree until the 18th century. The poet Goethe first saw a Christmas tree in 1765 in Leipzig. The earliest known Christmas celebration mentioned in German literature is the description of a Christmas celebration with a candle-lit tree in Goethe’s best-selling novel “Die Leiden des Jungen Werther” (“The Sorrows of Young Werther”) of 1774. It may have helped spread the custom.
The German trees are silver fir and balsam with their branches spaced far enough apart and grown in such a way that candles can be placed on them without serious danger of a fire.
Of the German Christmas songs which have become a part of American traditions, the best known besides “Silent Night” is “O Tannenbaum”- O Christmas Tree.
That this song was popular in the United States, not only as a Christmas song, can be documented easily. The melody of “O Tannenbaum” is used by four states, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, and New Jersey, for their state song. The opening line of Maryland’s state song is: “Maryland, O Maryland!
|O Tannenbaum, o Tannenbaum,
Wie treu sind deine Blätter.
Du grünst nicht nur zur Sommerzeit,
Nein, auch im Winter, wenn es schneit.
O Tannenbaum, o Tannenbaum,
Wie treu sind deine Blätter.O Tannenbaum, o Tannenbaum,
du kannst mir sehr gefallen.
Wie oft hat nicht zur Weihnachtszeit
Ein Baum von dir mich hoch erfreut.
O Tannenbaum, o Tannenbaum,
du kannst mir sehr gefallen.O Tannenbaum, o Tannenbaum,
dein Kleid will mich was lehren:
die Hoffnung und Beständigkeit
gibt Trost und Kraft zu aller Zeit.
O Tannenbaum, o Tannenbaum,
dein Kleid will mich was lehren.O Tannenbaum, o Tannenbaum,
dein Kleid will mich was lehren:
die Hoffnung und Beständigkeit
gibt Trost und Kraft zu aller Zeit.
O Tannenbaum, o Tannenbaum,
dein Kleid will mich was lehren.
|O Christmas Tree, O Christmas Tree,
Your branches green delight us.
They’re green when summer days are bright:
They’re green when winter snow is white.
O Christmas Tree, O Christmas Tree,
Your branches green delight us.O Christmas Tree, O Christmas Tree,
You give us so much pleasure!
How oft at Christmas tide the sight,
O green fir tree, gives us delight!
O Christmas Tree, O Christmas Tree,
You give us so much pleasure!